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Improvements in fuel cell designImprovements in fuel cell design

Rediscovering Venus to find faraway earths

Archaeologists discover bronze remains of Iron Age chariot

Researchers resolve the Karakoram glacier anomaly, a cold case of climate science

Fish tale: New study evaluates antibiotic content in farm-raised fishFish tale: New study evaluates antibiotic content in farm-raised fish

New 3-D display technology promises greater energy efficiencyNew 3-D display technology promises greater energy efficiency

Researchers break nano barrier to engineer the first protein microfiberResearchers break nano barrier to engineer the first protein microfiber

Magnetic mirrors enable new technologies by reflecting light in uncanny ways

Structure of an iron-transport protein revealedStructure of an iron-transport protein revealed

First step: From human cells to tissue-engineered esophagusFirst step: From human cells to tissue-engineered esophagus

Lift weights, improve your memory

Spiders: Survival of the fittest group

Autophagy helps fast track stem cell activationAutophagy helps fast track stem cell activation

Myelin vital for learning new practical skillsMyelin vital for learning new practical skills

More physical activity improved school performanceMore physical activity improved school performance

Around the world in 400,000 years: The journey of the red foxAround the world in 400,000 years: The journey of the red fox

Engineering new vehicle powertrainsEngineering new vehicle powertrains

Active aging is much more than exerciseActive aging is much more than exercise

Study: New device can slow, reverse heart failureStudy: New device can slow, reverse heart failure

Are the world's religions ready for ET?Are the world's religions ready for ET?

Recreating the stripe patterns found in animals by engineering synthetic gene networksRecreating the stripe patterns found in animals by engineering synthetic gene networks

Laying the groundwork for data-driven scienceLaying the groundwork for data-driven science

Hold on, tiger momHold on, tiger mom

Nature's designs inspire research into new light-based technologiesNature's designs inspire research into new light-based technologies

Missing piece found to help solve concussion puzzleMissing piece found to help solve concussion puzzle

Biologists delay the aging process by 'remote control'Biologists delay the aging process by 'remote control'

Geography matters: Model predicts how local 'shocks' influence U.S. economyGeography matters: Model predicts how local 'shocks' influence U.S. economy

Identified for the first time what kind of explosive has been used after the detonationIdentified for the first time what kind of explosive has been used after the detonation

Copied from nature: Detecting software errors via genetic algorithmsCopied from nature: Detecting software errors via genetic algorithms

Body Weekly - November 2014 Archives


The body's emotions (11/30/2014)

Multiple sclerosis is a disease that causes numerous symptoms. Among them are also several difficulties affecting the emotional domain and a deficit in perceiving other people's emotions based on their facial expressions. Now a new study carried out with the collaboration of the International School for Advanced Studies in Trieste shows that also the ability to recognize emotions by reading body posture is impaired in patients with multiple sclerosis. ...> Full Article


Playing action video games can boost learning (11/29/2014)

A new study shows for the first time that playing action video games improves not just the skills taught in the game, but learning capabilities more generally. ...> Full Article


Can HIV be transmitted via manicure instruments? (11/29/2014)

Can HIV be transmitted via manicure instruments?The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention lists numerous potential alternative sources of HIV transmission in addition to the known classical modes for acquiring the AIDS virus. Although manicure instruments is not on this list of alternative sources, a case of HIV transmission that may be linked to sharing of manicure instruments is presented in AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses. ...> Full Article


Can eating blueberries really help you see better in the dark? (11/29/2014)

Blueberries are super stars among health food advocates, who tout the fruit for not only promoting heart health, better memory and digestion, but also for improving night vision. Scientists have taken a closer look at this latter claim and have found reason to doubt that the popular berry helps most healthy people see better in the dark. Their report appears in ACS' Journal of Agricultural & Food Chemistry. ...> Full Article


So, you think you can clap to the beat? (11/28/2014)

Bobbing your head, tapping your heel, or clapping along with the music is a natural response for most people, but what about those who can't keep a beat? Researchers at McGill University and the University of Montreal, have discovered that beat-deafness, though very rare, is a problem not simply of how people feel a pulse or move their bodies, but instead, how people synchronize with sounds they hear. ...> Full Article


High heels may enhance a man's instinct to be helpful (11/28/2014)

If it's help a woman needs, maybe she should wear high heels. That's the message from Nicolas Guéguen of the Université de Bretagne-Sud in France, after he observed how helpful men are towards women in high heels versus those wearing flat, sensible shoes. The study, published in Springer's journal Archives of Sexual Behavior, is the first ever to investigate how the height of a woman's shoe heel influences how men behave towards her. ...> Full Article


The female nose always knows: Do women have more olfactory neurons? (11/27/2014)

The female nose always knows: Do women have more olfactory neurons?Using a new method called isotropic fractionator, a group of researchers has found biological evidence that may explain the superior olfactory abilities that women have over men. ...> Full Article


How stress aids memory (11/27/2014)

Retrieving memory content under stress does not work very well. However, stress can be helpful when it comes to saving new information -- especially those that are emotionally relevant in stressful situations. At the Ruhr-Universitat Bochum, a team of cognitive psychologists headed by Prof Dr Oliver T. Wolf study these correlations. The RUB's science magazine RUBIN reports on the results. ...> Full Article


Long term shift work linked to impaired brain power (11/26/2014)

Long term shift work is linked to impaired brain power, finds research published online in Occupational & Environmental Medicine. The impact (for rotating shift patterns, at least) was stronger after a period of 10 or more years of exposure. And although the effects can be reversed, recovery may take at least five years, the findings suggest. ...> Full Article


Suffering from constipation? Self-acupressure can help (11/26/2014)

In a randomized clinical trial, 72 percent of participants said that perineal self-acupressure, a simple technique involving the application of external pressure to the perineum -- the area between the anus and genitals -- helped relieve constipation. ...> Full Article


The inside story: How the brain and skull stay together (11/26/2014)

University of Miami researchers discover a network of tissue communication that ensures that the brain and spinal cord are matched with the skull and spinal column, during embryonic development. Their discovery may have important implications for the understanding and treatment of congenital defects like Spina Bifida and Chiari malformations. ...> Full Article


Compared with apes, people's gut bacteria lack diversity, study finds (11/26/2014)

Compared with apes, people's gut bacteria lack diversity, study findsThe microbes living in people's guts are much less diverse than those in humans' closest relatives, the African apes, an apparently long evolutionary trend that appears to be speeding up in more modern societies, with possible implications for human health, according to a new study. ...> Full Article


Shift in gut bacteria observed in fiber supplement study may offer good news for weight loss (11/25/2014)

Most Americans don't get the daily recommended amount of fiber in their diet, though research has shown that dietary fiber can cause a shift in the gut toward beneficial bacteria, reducing the risk of colon cancer, type 2 diabetes, and other diseases. A new study from the University of Illinois shows that two specific functional fibers may also have the potential to assist in weight loss when made part of a long-term, daily diet. ...> Full Article


The effects of poor eating habits persist even after diet is improved (11/25/2014)

In a new report appearing in the Nov. 2014 issue of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology, scientists use mice to show that even after successful treatment of atherosclerosis, including lowering of blood cholesterol and a change in dietary habits, the effects of an unhealthy lifestyle still affect the way the immune system functions. ...> Full Article


Tests will track improved thinking in people with fragile X, down syndromes (11/25/2014)

Leading researchers, funded through a new, five-year, $3.2 million grant from the National Institutes of Health, are collaborating to develop and evaluate tests designed to measure and track changes in the cognitive functioning of people who typically are difficult to assess accurately: those with an intellectual disability, formerly termed mental retardation. ...> Full Article


Resveratrol could reverse benefits of being active (11/24/2014)

Adding resveratrol supplements to your exercise routine may not enhance the effects of physical activity. ...> Full Article


Ream prevents memory problems caused by sleep deprivation (11/24/2014)

Ream prevents memory problems caused by sleep deprivationIn a new study, published in the Journal of Neuroscience, a team led by scientists from the University of Pennsylvania found that a particular set of cells in a small region of the brain are responsible for memory problems after sleep loss. By selectively increasing levels of a signaling molecule in these cells, the researchers prevented mice from having memory deficits. ...> Full Article


Sexual fantasies: Are you normal? (11/24/2014)

Hoping for sex with two women is common but fantasizing about golden showers is not. That's just one of the findings from a research project that scientifically defines sexual deviation for the first time ever. ...> Full Article


Contamination likely explains 'food genes in blood' claim (11/23/2014)

Laboratory contaminants likely explain the results of a recent study claiming that complete genes can pass from foods we eat into our blood, according to a University of Michigan molecular biologist who re-examined data from the controversial research paper. ...> Full Article


Cell study sheds light on diseases caused by immune system fault (11/23/2014)

Scientists led by the University of Edinburgh have discovered how a gene mutation can lead to diseases that occur when the immune system attacks the body by mistake. ...> Full Article


Herbs and spices enhance heart health as well as flavor (11/22/2014)

Spices and herbs are rich in antioxidants, which may help improve triglyceride concentrations and other blood lipids, according to Penn State nutritionists. ...> Full Article


New scientific review reveals emerging and established health benefits of whole grain oats (11/22/2014)

According to a new, wide-reaching collection of scientific reviews published in the October 2014 supplement issue of the British Journal of Nutrition, oats may play an important role in improving satiety, diet quality and digestive, cardiovascular and general metabolic health. In the supplement, entitled 'Oats, More Than Just a Whole Grain,' scientists explore the oat from agriculture and sustainability to nutrition policy and opportunity and new insights in nutritional science that go beyond cardiovascular health. ...> Full Article


Research shows mushroom extract, AHCC, helpful in treating HPV (11/21/2014)

A Japanese mushroom extract appears to be effective for the eradication of human papillomavirus, according to a pilot clinical trial at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Medical School. ...> Full Article


Identifying the biological clock that governs female fertility (11/21/2014)

Identifying the biological clock that governs female fertilityResearchers at the University of Gothenburg have identified the biological clock that governs female fertility. The discovery represents a major contribution to research aimed at finding medical approaches to treating infertility in women. ...> Full Article


Replacing saturated fat with polyunsaturated fat linked with lower risk of heart disease (11/21/2014)

People who swap 5 percent of the calories they consume from saturated fat sources such as red meat and butter with foods containing linoleic acid -- the main polyunsaturated fat found in vegetable oil, nuts, and seeds -- lowered their risk of coronary heart disease events by 9 percent and their risk of death from CHD by 13 percent, according to a new study led by Harvard School of Public Health researchers. ...> Full Article


Diets high in fruit, vegetables, whole grains and nuts among factors to lower first-time stroke risk (11/21/2014)

Eating Mediterranean or DASH-style diets, regularly engaging in physical activity and keeping your blood pressure under control can lower your risk of a first-time stroke. Updated prevention guidelines also focus on lowering stroke risk among women. ...> Full Article


Hair proteins are important in tooth enamel structure (11/20/2014)

A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation reveals that keratins, proteins associated with strong hair, are important for tooth enamel integrity. ...> Full Article


Herbal medicines could contain dangerous levels of toxic mold (11/19/2014)

Herbal medicines such as licorice, Indian rennet and opium poppy, are at risk of contamination with toxic mold, according to a new study published in Fungal Biology. The authors of the study, from the University of Peshawar, Pakistan say it's time for regulators to control mold contamination. ...> Full Article


Beetroot beneficial for athletes and heart failure patients, research finds (11/19/2014)

Researchers find the nitrate in beetroot targets fast-twitch muscles, increasing the blood flow to muscles that receive less oxygen. This can increase high-intensity athletic performance and improve quality of life of heart failure patients. ...> Full Article


Could reading glasses soon be a thing of the past? (11/18/2014)

A corneal inlay device currently undergoing clinical review in the United States improved near vision well enough for 80 percent of the participating patients to read a newspaper without disturbing far distance vision needed for daily activities like driving. ...> Full Article


Thermal receipt paper may be a potentially significant source of BPA (11/17/2014)

Thermal paper, sometimes used in cash register receipts, may be a potential source of exposure to the hormone disruptor bisphenol-A. ...> Full Article


Olive oil more stable and healthful than seed oils for frying food (11/17/2014)

Frying is one of the world's most popular ways to prepare food -- think fried chicken and french fries. Even candy bars and whole turkeys have joined the list. But before dunking your favorite food in a vat of just any old oil, consider using olive. Scientists report in ACS' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry that olive oil withstands the heat of the fryer or pan better than several seed oils to yield more healthful food. ...> Full Article


Resveratrol boosts spinal bone density in men with metabolic syndrome (11/16/2014)

Resveratrol, a natural compound found in red wine and grapes, increased spinal bone density in men with metabolic syndrome and could hold promise as a treatment for osteoporosis, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. ...> Full Article


Adenosine can melt 'love handles' (11/15/2014)

Adenosine can melt 'love handles'An international team of researchers led by Professor Alexander Pfeifer from the University Hospital Bonn, have now come one step closer to an efficient method for losing weight. The scientists discovered a new way to stimulate brown fat and thus burn energy from food: The body's own adenosine activates brown fat and 'browns' white fat. The results are now being published in the renowned journal Nature. ...> Full Article


Eating breakfast increases brain chemical involved in regulating food intake and cravings (11/15/2014)

MU researchers have found that eating breakfast, particularly meals rich in protein, increases young adults' levels of a brain chemical associated with feelings of reward, which may reduce food cravings and overeating later in the day. Understanding the brain chemical and its role in food cravings could lead to improvements in obesity prevention and treatment. ...> Full Article


Feeling guilty or ashamed? Think about your emotions before you shop (11/14/2014)

Suppose you grabbed a few cookies before heading out to the grocery store and start to feel guilty or ashamed about breaking your diet. According to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, feeling guilty might find you comparing calories in different cartons of ice cream. Feeling ashamed might keep you from buying any ice cream in the first place. ...> Full Article


Want whiter teeth? Fruit mixture is not the answer (11/14/2014)

Want whiter teeth? Fruit mixture is not the answerIt may seem like an all-natural way to whiten teeth, but an University of Iowa study shows that a strawberry and baking soda mixture does little beyond cleaning those choppers. The main reason: Strawberries lack the chemicals known to cause deeper, longer lasting teeth whitening. Results appear in the journal Operative Dentistry. ...> Full Article


Would you eat that doughnut if you knew you had to walk 2 miles to burn it off? (11/13/2014)

Would you eat that doughnut if you knew you had to walk 2 miles to burn it off?The National Institutes of Health recently awarded researchers from the UNC School of Medicine and the UNC Gillings School of Public Health more than $2 million to study the effects of physical activity food labeling on consumer food choices and exercise. ...> Full Article


Paving the way for a fructose tolerance test (11/12/2014)

A new study finds that the hormone FGF21 is a reliable predictor of fructose metabolism and could, in essence, provide the basis for a 'fructose tolerance test.' ...> Full Article


Lose the weight, not the potatoes (11/12/2014)

Research published this week in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition demonstrates that people can eat potatoes and still lose weight. ...> Full Article


Scientists create mimic of 'good' cholesterol to fight heart disease and stroke (11/11/2014)

Scientists create mimic of 'good' cholesterol to fight heart disease and strokeScientists at The Scripps Research Institute have created a synthetic molecule that mimics 'good' cholesterol and have shown it can reduce plaque buildup in the arteries of animal models. The molecule, taken orally, improved cholesterol in just two weeks. The research points scientists toward a new method for treating atherosclerosis, a condition where plaque buildup in the arteries can cause heart attacks and strokes. ...> Full Article


Researchers uncover how 'love hormone' regulates sexual behavior (11/10/2014)

Oxytocin has been called the 'love hormone' because it plays an important role in social behaviors, such as maternal care and pair bonding. In a new study researchers uncover oxytocin-responsive brain cells that are necessary for female social interest in male mice during estrus -- the sexually receptive phase of their cycle. These neurons, found in the prefrontal cortex, may play a role in other oxytocin-related social behaviors such as intimacy, love, or mother-child bonding. ...> Full Article


Why men are the weaker sex when it comes to bone health (11/9/2014)

Alarming new data published today by the International Osteoporosis Foundation, shows that one-third of all hip fractures worldwide occur in men, with mortality rates as high as 37 percent in the first year following fracture. This makes men twice as likely as women to die after a hip fracture. Osteoporosis experts warn that as men often remain undiagnosed and untreated, millions are left vulnerable to early death and disability, irrespective of fracture type. ...> Full Article


Coastal living boosts physical activity (11/8/2014)

People who live close to the coast are more likely to meet physical activity guidelines than inland dwellers, finds a new study released today. The research involved participants from across England and describes a particularly noticeable effect on western -- but unexpectedly not eastern -- coasts of the nation. ...> Full Article


Scientists question fundamental theory about education of immune police (11/7/2014)

Scientists question fundamental theory about education of immune policeA fundamental theory about how our thymus educates our immune police appears to be wrong, scientists say. ...> Full Article


Probiotic yogurt could help protect against heavy metal poisoning (11/6/2014)

According to scientists at Lawson Health Research Institute's Canadian Centre for Human Microbiome and Probiotic Research, a probiotic-supplemented yogurt has been shown to prevent further uptake of mercury by up to 36 percent and arsenic by up to 78 percent in pregnant women. These findings provide the first clinical evidence that a probiotic yogurt can be used to reduce the deadly health risks associated with heavy metals. ...> Full Article


Sandwiches are a major contributor to dietary sodium intake (11/6/2014)

Sandwiches make up a substantial part of the American diet and are a significant contributor to daily energy and sodium intake. By closely analyzing data from the federal nationwide dietary intake survey known as 'What We Eat in America NHANES 2009-2010,' a team of Department of Agriculture researchers found that on any given day 49 percent of US adults eat at least one sandwich, and sandwiches account for one-fifth of total daily sodium intake. ...> Full Article


Why does toothpaste make orange juice taste awful? (video) (11/5/2014)

Why does toothpaste make orange juice taste awful? (video)This week, Reactions explains why toothpaste and orange juice don't mix. Learn all about it at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9X5_gtel-c0. ...> Full Article


There's no such thing as a vaginal orgasm, review finds (11/5/2014)

G-spot, vaginal, or clitoral orgasms are all incorrect terms, experts say. In a recent Clinical Anatomy review, they argue that like 'male orgasm,' 'female orgasm' is the correct term. ...> Full Article


Auditory system: The ruffling effect of rumble (11/4/2014)

Barely perceptible low-frequency signals nevertheless activate measurable responses in our auditory circuits. Neurobiologists at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have now characterized the remarkable impact of low-frequency sounds on the inner ear. ...> Full Article


Montmorency tart cherry juice lowered blood uric acid levels and a marker for inflammation (11/3/2014)

Montmorency tart cherry juice lowered blood uric acid levels and a marker for inflammationTart cherries have long been researched for their association with pain relief -- from gout and arthritis pain to exercise-related muscle pain. A new study published in the Journal of Functional Foods reported consumption of Montmorency tart cherries caused changes in uric acid metabolism, which can have an impact on joint pain. The study also detected increases in specific anthocyanin compounds in the bloodstream after consuming tart cherries. ...> Full Article


Medical discovery first step on path to new painkillers (11/2/2014)

A major medical discovery by scientists at the University of Nottingham could lead to the development of an entirely new type of painkiller. ...> Full Article


Have our bodies held the key to new antibiotics all along? (11/2/2014)

As the threat of antibiotic resistance grows, scientists are turning to the human body and the trillion or so bacteria that have colonized us -- collectively called our microbiota -- for new clues to fighting microbial infections. They've logged an early success with the discovery of a new antibiotic candidate from vaginal bacteria, reports Chemical & Engineering News, the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society. ...> Full Article


Keeping your eyes on the prize can help with exercise (11/1/2014)

New research suggests the adage that encourages people to keep their 'eyes on the prize' may be on target when it comes to exercise. When walking, staying focused on a specific target ahead can make the distance to it appear shorter and help people walk there faster, psychology researchers have found. ...> Full Article


'Smart' bandage emits phosphorescent glow for healing below (11/1/2014)

'Smart' bandage emits phosphorescent glow for healing belowInspired by a desire to help wounded soldiers, a team of researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School has created a paint-on, see-through, 'smart' bandage that glows to indicate a wound's tissue oxygenation concentration. Because oxygen plays a critical role in healing, mapping these levels in severe wounds and burns can help significantly improve the success of surgeries to restore limbs and physical functions. The work was published today in Biomedical Optics Express. ...> Full Article


Search
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Vitamin supplement successfully prevents noise-induced hearing loss



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